Healthy and glowing skin gives your personality a great boost of confidence. But, with the plethora of products and endless skincare advice, it's not always easy to figure out the perfect skincare routine. This is where I’d like to step in. In this article, I’ll be sharing tried and tested skincare tips to enhance your skincare routine. No matter what your skin type or your skin concern, you’ll find useful information to elevate your complexion. It’s skincare 101 revealed right here!
Different Types of Skin
Before we talk about skincare tips, let’s understand the different skin types. Knowing what skin type you possess helps you find the right skincare products to suit your skin.
Normal skin type has balanced hydration levels and is neither too dry nor too oily. This type of skin makes the right amount of sebum to keep it healthy. Here are a few characteristics of normal skin:
- No or few skin imperfections
- No or reduced tendency to breakout
- Smooth and glowing skin
- Barely visible pores
Combination skin has varying amounts of oil on the different areas of the face. People with this skin type have an oily T-zone. The chin, forehead, and nose have more sebaceous glands compared to the rest of the face. This makes them look oilier. The skin on the cheeks and around your mouth may feel drier. Here are a few characteristics of combination skin:
- Visibly larger pores in the T-zone
- Shiny skin on the nose, forehead, and chin
The skin secretes natural oils to keep itself moisturized. But, if you have oily skin, this mechanism goes into overdrive. This results in an oily film on your skin throughout the day. Excess oil secretions clog pores and result in acne, pimples, and frequent skin breakouts. Here are a few characteristics of oily skin:
- Dull, shiny, and thick complexion
- Frequent pimples and acne
- Enlarged pores
If you have acne-prone skin, you’re susceptible to frequent acne and pimples. The acne is often stubborn and becomes a chronic problem for those with this skin type. You may require aggressive treatment to manage your acne. Here are a few characteristics of this skin type:
- Prone to developing a variety of acne types, such as whiteheads, pimples, papules, pustules, and cystic acne
- Extra oily skin that looks greasy
- Vulnerable to developing acne scars and post-inflammatory spots
Sensitive skin is a bit more complex. Simply put, you can categorize this skin type as one which is prone to allergic reactions and flareups. But, there are different types of skin sensitivities that I am listing below. Take a look.
Sensitivity to Environment/External Factors
This type of sensitivity has to do with environmental stimulants. These include pollution, allergens, temperature, and humidity.
Factors such as cold weather, central heating in your home, hot weather, and air conditioning can strip your skin of its natural moisture. This may lead the skin to become dry, irritated, and sensitive.
In the winter months, you might find your skin to be rough, red, tight, dry, and or peeling.
Extreme heat may lead to skin sensitivities like a heat rash. This happens when your sweat ducts get sealed. The moisture gets trapped under the skin and causes a rash made up of blisters or bumps.
Sensitivity to Product Ingredients
This one relates to ingredients in the skincare products you use. Parabens, sulfates, and fragrances are common culprits. These are known to induce allergic reactions or skin sensitivities in some people.
But, here’s also one more thing to consider, you may also be allergic to natural ingredients or essential oils. For example, a product may contain a certain fruit extract that doesn’t suit your skin. Even though it’s an all-natural ingredient, it may end up causing a flare-up. This is why it’s important to know what ingredients you’re sensitive to. Once you’re aware of what ingredients don't gel with your skin, you can avoid skincare products that contain them.
Sensitivity to Specific Foods
Also known as food allergies, skin sensitivities to the foods you consume can result in redness, irritation, or flare-ups. For many people, skin sensitivity and food allergies go hand in hand.
When it comes to food allergies, peanuts, wheat, eggs, cow’s milk, soy, and shellfish are among the common culprits. These foods lead to itchiness and scratching, which causes the skin to become red and inflamed.
Dry skin makes your complexion look dull and damaged. Your skin can crack, peel, or become itchy, irritated, or inflamed. Here are a few characteristics of dry skin:
- Buildup of dead skin cells
- Loss of skin elasticity
- Flaky or inflamed skin
- More wrinkles or fine lines
Mature skin occurs due to aging. As you age, the skin loses its ability to produce collagen. When there’s less collagen, your skin loses its elasticity and suppleness. People in their 30s, 40s, 50s, and beyond have this type of skin. Here are a few characteristics of mature skin:
- Looks dry and dull
- Wrinkles, fine lines, and crow’s feet are prominent
- Becomes thinner and fragile
Skincare Routine Applicable for all skin types
The most important skin care tip would be to have a robust skincare routine in place. No matter what your skin type, getting the basics right is key to healthy skin. When it comes to your complexion, there's no need to get fancy. Just stick to the fundamentals of skincare, and your skin will thank you!
Here’s a breakdown of skincare basics that works for all skin types.
Every skincare routine must start with this step – cleansing. Your skin comes in contact with environmental pollutants, dirt, and other factors daily. These need to be removed for clean and fresh skin that can breathe. Use a gentle cleanser to wash twice a day, morning and night. This is crucial to avoid clogged pores, dullness, and acne. WENmedics has cleansers and exfoliators for fresh and clean skin.
Exfoliation is key to revealing brighter skin that lies beneath the layer of dead cells. Removing the outer layer of dead skin cells prevents clogged pores, breakouts, and flaky skin. With the outer layer of skin cells sloughed off, other skincare products can penetrate deeper to do their job. Exfoliate as often as you like (but don’t overdo it) for smooth skin that radiates a dewy glow.
Toning right after cleaning and moisturizing has tremendous skin benefits. Think of the toner as prep for your pores. It restores the natural pH balance of your skin and helps the skin absorb your skincare products. A toner is a fast-penetrating liquid that hydrates your skin with a burst of moisture.
Sometimes dust, oil, and impurities linger on even after cleansing and exfoliating. Toning draws out all traces of oil dirt, bacteria, and makeup for squeaky clean skin.
Just like cleansing, moisturizing is a non-negotiable step in your skincare routine. Regardless of your skin type, always use a moisturizer post-cleaning and toning. A moisturizer is a skincare essential that’s a must all year round. It hydrates the skin and prevents moisture loss. This helps your skin retain its optimal oil and moisture balance. Skipping this step causes dry and irritated skin, which may lead to the formation of wrinkles and fine lines. WENmedics has moisturizers that work for all skin types.
The final step of your skincare routine would be to address specific skin issues you may be dealing with. This may include serums, acne treatment products, or eye creams. Serums are powerful skin allies that contain active ingredients to treat common skin concerns. Even if you are not facing any skin issues, using a nourishing serum works wonders for your skin. Serums contain active ingredients in the right dosage to ensure maximum efficacy. They penetrate deep into the skin and enrich it. WENmedics has a range of face serums to spot treat a variety of skin troubles such as wrinkles, crow’s feet, and dark circles.
Last but not least, it’s important to shield your skin from harmful UV rays, no matter what time of the year. Don’t skip sunscreen before heading out for the day. A broad-spectrum product with SPF 30 or higher is recommended. Sunscreen protects the harmful UV rays from damaging your skin. It’s the best way to prevent premature aging and wrinkles.
Skincare Tips For Dry Skin Dry skin lacks good hydration and sufficient oil balance. This is why it appears dull and lifeless.
General Skincare Tips for Dry Skin
These are skincare important tips to ensure dry skin stays healthy and well-hydrated.
Keep Skin Well-Moisturized
I can’t stress this enough for dry skin. The reason why you have dry skin in the first place is because of a lack of hydration. Your skin needs an extra boost of moisture. This is why it’s critical to use a hydrating moisturizer, throughout the year.
Exfoliation can reverse the lackluster look of dry skin. Regular exfoliation removes the top layer of dead skin cells and accumulated dirt and debris. It reveals softer skin with a bright look. If you’re looking to revive dull and dry skin, exfoliation is a must.
Skincare Tips For Dry Skin In Summer
Making a few adjustments to your skincare routine in summer can keep your dry skin happy.
Use a Lightweight Moisturizer
Since moisturizing is crucial to dry skin, it’s important to choose a product that works for summer. Opt for a lightweight moisturizer that absorbs easily. This ensures the product doesn't sit on the skin or clog pores. A lightweight moisturizer feels soothing on the skin and is super comfortable to wear in hot weather. The light texture instantly penetrates the skin, so you don't need to worry about the product running down due to sweat.
Carry a Facial Mist Wherever You Go
Get instant respite from the summer heat with a refreshing spritz of facial mist. Bring a small-sized bottle with you and spray over your face and neck periodically. The sprinkle of treated water and added vitamins will give dry skin a dash of hydration. It’s a great way to perk up dull and tired after a long day in the hot sun.
Avoid Long and Hot Showers
Sure a relaxing shower at the end of a long day feels soothing. But, very hot water can strip the skin of its natural oils. This aggravates dry skin, leading to redness and irritation. Beat the summer heat outside by showering in lukewarm water.
Winter Skincare Tips For Dry Skin
The dry and cold winter air coupled with indoor heating can wreak havoc on dry skin. Here are a few tips to help you sail past the cold months while keeping your skin healthy.
Use a Heavier Moisturizer
Since dry skin can get worse during the winter, you need a heavier moisturizer to keep it well-hydrated. Opt for a moisturizer with potent moisturizing ingredients such as glycerin, jojoba oil, or olive squalene. These natural ingredients replenish your skin’s moisture and oils for supple skin even at the peak of winter. WENmedics’ has moisturizers that hydrate and nourish your skin to prevent and treat dryness.
Turn On the Humidifier
The humidifier adds much-needed moisture to the air. This is helpful when indoor heating is cranked up in the winter months. When the indoor air has sufficient moisture, it acts as a natural moisturizing agent. This prevents and relieves dry skin associated with indoor heating. A Harvard Health study states that a humidifier setting of 60 percent in winter can relieve dry skin.
Skincare Tips For Combination Skin
Skincare for combination skin is oily and shiny in certain areas. But, some zones of the face are dry and dull. Take a look at some effective skin care tips for combination skin.
Mix and Match Moisturizers
Combination skin has both oily and dry skin zones. This means you may need two different formulations for your face. You’ll have to divide and conquer by caring for different parts of your face differently.
Here’s how this works. A lightweight and water-based moisturizer is perfect for the oily areas of the face, such as the nose, chin, and forehead. Such a product moisturizes these parts without aggravating existing oiliness. A thin, water-based moisturizer works great for the entire face. But, the drier parts such as the cheeks and the skin around your mouth may require a boost of a rich moisturizer. Cover the drier areas of your face with a rich moisturizer filled with emollients such as shea butter, jojoba oil, or olive squalene. The secret to balancing combination skin is learning when and where to layer products!
Blot Away Excess Oil
The oily zones of your face are likely to become greasy as the day goes on. Use blotting pads or paper to absorb excess oil throughout the day. This is a dermatologist-approved way to keep oil-prone areas of your skin looking fresh and matte all day long. Opt for blotting wipes with as few ingredients as possible. They’re a highly recommended skincare accessory to manage combination skin.
Skincare Tips For Normal Skin
So, you’re among the lucky few with normal skin! Congrats! But, you still need a good skincare routine to ensure your skin maintains its beautiful glow. Let me break down skincare tips for normal skin.
Maintain Your Skin
No immediate skin concerns or conditions to address? For those with normal skin, there are no real issues such as acne or hyperpigmentation. But you’re not off the hook – yet. Even normal skin requires solid skincare to maintain its healthy glow.
Ensure you’re doing the basics right. Cleansing, toning, moisturizing, and sun protection are non-negotiables even if you have normal skin.
Adjust Your Skincare Routine Based On Issues
Normal skin doesn't require elaborate skincare. But, sometimes your healthy skin may also run into temporary troubles such as dry skin or oiliness. If you’re noticing any skin concerns, it’s best to pick products to help that specific issue. Treat your skin according to its needs at the moment. Make minor adjustments to your skincare routine to address transient issues. Pick products that you can easily incorporate into your skincare routine for a personalized regime.
Add a Nourishing Serum
To give your normal and healthy skin the best care, you need potent skincare products. A nourishing serum is one such accessory. It’s filled with skin-loving active ingredients such as Vitamin C and antioxidants. These elements not just nourish your skin, but also protect it. The antioxidants in a face serum guard your skin against free radicals and environmental damage. Result- normal skin maintains its radiant glow and keeps skin troubles at bay.
Skincare Tips For Sensitive Skin
As discussed earlier, sensitive skin occurs due to a variety of factors. Your skin may be sensitive to a particular product ingredient that may induce flareups. Food allergies and sensitivity to the environment may also contribute to skin reactions.
General Skincare Tips For Sensitive Skin
Here are a few general skincare tips for sensitive skin.
The most important way to keep sensitive skin healthy is to identify and keep a note of ingredients you may be allergic to. This is the best way to prevent painful reactions and skin inflammation. Once you know the triggers, simply stay away from those elements.
Read Product Labels
Once you’re aware of the problematic ingredients, make it a point to scan product labels carefully. This helps you stay away from any skincare product that contains allergy-causing components.
Opt for skincare products that are fragrance-free, hypoallergenic, and without dyes and parabens. Such products are free of common skin irritants and a good way to start building a skincare routine.
Do a Patch Test Before Applying a New Product
For those with sensitive skin, doing a patch test before trying a new product is a must. It reduces the risk of reaction and is a great way to keep your skin safe.
How to do a patch test? Apply a small amount of the new product on the inside of your arm overnight. If there is no reaction in the morning, then the product is safe to apply to your face.
Don't’ Over-Wash or Over-Exfoliate Your Skin
Frequent washing can strip the skin of its natural oil and moisture balance. This further increases the chances of inflammation. Use a gentle facial cleanser to wash your face just once or twice a day. WENmedics’ line of cleansers and exfoliators is suitable for all skin types.
Those with sensitive skin need to avoid over-exfoliating. Exfoliating too often wears down the protective barrier of the skin. This makes it susceptible to damage from the harsh UV rays and other factors. You should exfoliate sensitive skin just once or twice a week with a gentle exfoliant.
Summer Skincare Tips For Sensitive Skin
Take the best care of your sensitive skin with these summer skincare tips.
Simplify Your Skin Care Routine
The sultry weather causes sweaty run-downs and irritates your skin further. If you have sensitive skin, switch up your skincare routine a bit. I recommend using fewer products to allow your skin to breathe. A gentle cleanser followed by a lighter moisturizer and a nourishing serum works best for the summer season. Don’t forget your SPF during the AM to protect your skin from the harmful effects of the sun.
Soothe Irritated Skin
The hot and dry weather can spell trouble for those with sensitive skin. Give your skin some extra TLC by applying a soothing face mask or a cold compress. Use a soft washcloth dipped in water and chilled in the refrigerator. Place the chilled and damp washcloth on your face for 10-15 minutes for a soothing feel. Your skin will feel calm and refreshed!
Winter Skincare Tips For Sensitive Skin
It’s easy to take good care of sensitive skin with these winter skincare tips. Take a look.
The chilly weather and indoor heating can make sensitive skin worse during the winter. Swap out your water-based moisturizer for a rich moisturizer that deeply nourishes the skin. Opt for a moisturizer with emollient-grade ingredients that creates a protective barrier on the skin. This will keep sensitive skin supple and healthy throughout the winter months.
Hook Up the Humidifier
Central heating systems blast hot dry air throughout homes and offices. To protect your skin from the damaging effects of this, consider installing a humidifier. Humidifiers pull more moisture into the air, which helps prevent your skin from drying out. This is an easy lifestyle hack to keep sensitive skin in good shape even as you crank up your indoor heating.
Skincare Tips for Acne
Acne-prone skin is prone to pimples, blackheads, and acne cysts. Here’s a breakdown of simple skincare tips for acne-prone skin.
Wash Your Face Twice Daily
Dirt, makeup, oils, and contact from your fingers/makeup brushes create the perfect breeding ground for bacteria on your face. The best way to prevent acne breakouts due to this? Cleansing twice daily with a gentle cleanser. This prevents your pores from getting clogged and keeps the skin clear. Choose a gentle cleanser that clarifies the skin without causing dryness or irritation.
Use Oil-Free Moisturizer
Even with acne-prone skin, moisturizing is still a key skincare step. The product choice makes a difference though. Choose an oil-free moisturizer with a lightweight and water-based formulation. An oil-free moisturizer hydrates the skin without leaving a greasy residue. This prevents acne from aggravating.
Use Skincare Products That Won’t Clog the Pores
For acne-prone skin, products labeled non-comedogenic work the best. So, what exactly is a non-comedogenic product? It means the product is less likely to clog pores and cause acne. Whether it’s a moisturizer or a serum, non-comedogenic skincare products are recommended for those with acne-prone skin.
Spot Treat For Clear Skin
Spot treating acne and blemishes is the best way to get healthy and clear skin. Cleansing and moisturizing are important skincare steps. But, acne-prone skin requires specialty products to treat pimples and scars. Spot treatments help target stubborn acne bumps. These products contain active ingredients like salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and sulfur.
Skincare Tips For Mature Skin
People in their 40s, 50s, and beyond have mature skin. As you age, the skin undergoes several changes. The primary among them is collagen loss. Aging causes loss of collagen and elastin. This leads to dryness and loss of skin elasticity. Mature skin brings with it issues such as wrinkles, fine lines, dark circles, and age spots.
Here are some skin care tips for mature skin that can help your complexion win back its youthful glow.
Use Hydrating Skincare Products
One of the main reasons why mature skin develops wrinkles and fine lines is due to extra dryness. As you age, the skin loses its ability to retain water. Potent hydrating ingredients give your skin the extra boost of hydration it needs. Hyaluronic acid is my top pick for this.
A Hyaluronic acid serum is a powerful skin care product to hydrate parched skin. Hyaluronic acid pulls water to your skin, and seals in the moisture. Supple and moist skin prevents wrinkles and fine lines from becoming visible. Plus, the lightweight texture of a hyaluronic acid serum does not sit on the skin. Instead, it goes deep into your skin for a nourishing effect. WENmedics has nourishing face serums to target skincare problems seen in those with mature skin.
Pay the Attention To Under-Eye Area
The under-eye skin can betray telltale signs of aging rather quickly. This is because the under-eye skin is very thin and delicate. Loss of elasticity is most visible in this zone. This is why wrinkles, crow’s feet, and dark circles appear more visible in the under-eye area.
For those with mature skin, the under-eye area is most troublesome. But, there’s help. The right under-eye cream can help fight issues such as wrinkles, fine lines, and dark circles. Look for active ingredients that target these problems.
Eye creams or eye serums fortified with peptides fight wrinkles, fine lines, and crow’s feet. Peptides are tiny protein molecules that induce more collagen production. More collagen is what mature skin needs. When there is sufficient collagen, wrinkles, fine lines, and crow’s feet disappear. WENmedics has a line of eye creams to address under-eye skin concerns.
Skincare Tips For Men
Men need a good skincare routine for healthy skin. Take a look at some simple yet effective skincare tips for men.
Men need to shave often, which may cause razor bumps and cuts. Shaving smart is key to taking care of your skin. For a smoother shave, keep things moist. Shaving when you’re fresh out of the shower enables an easy shave. This is because coarse beard hairs are wet and more flexible. Using a good quality razor and using fewer strokes are other ways to prevent ingrown hair and razor bumps.
Avoid alcohol-based aftershaves, which may aggravate any irritation caused by shaving. Instead, use a lightweight moisturizer to soothe your skin after shaving.
Skip Hot Showers
While a hot shower may feel relaxing, it’s not good for your skin. Very hot water strips your skin of its natural oils, causing dry and irritated skin. Tepid water is the best to ensure your skin remains supple and soft post showering.
Use a Moisturizer
Depending on your skin type, always use a moisturizer. No matter what time of the year, your skin requires hydration to remain supple and strong. Moisturize right after cleansing your facial skin to lock in the moisture.
Common skin issues such as wrinkles, dark circles, pimples, and crow’s feet also plague men. Include serums/spot treatment products as part of your skincare routine. These serums contain active ingredients that fight the skin problem.
For instance, if you’re worried about wrinkles and crow’s feet, an eye cream with peptides is a great choice. Peptides boost collagen production, which fills in wrinkles and fine lines. If you are dealing with very dry skin, try a hyaluronic-acid-infused face serum. This active ingredient hydrates the skin and makes it look healthier.
Skincare Tips For Black Skin
Black skin is unique and can benefit from a customized skincare routine. Establishing a good skin care routine can help keep black skin bright, supple, and clear.
Black skin contains more melanin than lighter skin. This makes dark skin more susceptible to the effects of inflammation and injury. Dark spots, inflammation, and hyperpigmentation are more common in people of color. Below are some top skincare tips for black skin.
Follow a Good Skincare Routine
Like with all skin types, black skin too needs a robust skincare routine. Cleansing, toning, and moisturizing form the core steps of a skincare routine for dark skin. Serums and spot treatment follow next. You can customize these two steps to address skincare problems for black skin.
Dark spots, hyperpigmentation, and skin discolorations occur frequently in people with black skin. Using special skincare products can help prevent and treat dark spots and hyperpigmentation. Look for active ingredients that help combat this problem. Here are a few effective picks:
- Vitamin C: This vitamin is known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It helps lighten dark spots and protects your skin against environmental damage.
- Rosehip: This herbal ingredient contains Vitamin C. It’s filled with skin-boosting antioxidants. which protects the skin from free radical damage. It’s a great active ingredient to reverse dark spots and hyperpigmentation.
- Kojic acid: This naturally-derived ingredient is renowned for its skin-brightening properties. It helps fade dark spots and hyperpigmentation for a smooth and even skin tone.
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I hope this detailed skincare guide will help improve your skincare routine. Do visit us for more posts on skincare. Before you go, take a look at the WENmedics online store and our Amazon store.